Aspects of Shiva: The sanctum of this temple dates from the 10th Century. It has a Plinth with lotus, leaf ornaments, but no Ambulatory. The Exterior of the sanctum has riches with eight and ten- armed images of Loard Shiva. The Band below the Shikhara shows Shiva – Parvati to the north, Ganesha-Siddhi to the south and Brahma Savitri to the west. Recesses adjoining the corner pillars contain icons of Asparas and Vyala. (Mythical Animal).
“Protected Places” This place is an important part of our heritage and is protected under the Gujarat Ancient Monuments and Archaeological sites and remains Act, 1965 (Gujarat Act No.5 of 1965). If you see anyone destroying defacing, or imparing this place or removing any part of it, or imperiling or is any manner please stop them, warm them that they are eiable to punishment with a fine of up to Rs. 5000, or Imprisonment up to three months o both.
Earthquake Zone ANJAR- Kutch District is a Zone: 5 area, regarding Earthquake. The major earthquake in Kutch area in 1819, 1956 and 2001.In 1956 & 2001, Anjar was badly damaged. On 21st July – 1956, the tremor knocks at 9:00 p.m. The duration of this tremor was 3 to 10 seconds only. But mostly damaged cities are Anjar and Bhachau (these two cities were also, MOST BADELY damaged in 2001 earthquake.)
In Anjar, Eastern parts of the city were badly destroyed. These areas were… Karna vav sheri, Turiya wad and Mistry Fadiya. (Again….. these are the same areas, where 2001 earthquake made MOST damage) In 1956’s earthquake, causality of 107 lives, 71 were badly inhured and 379 people had nominal injuries. But, homes and streets were badly damaged. At that night, there was frequent tremors were continuously on. There was big tremor on 25th morning 10:40 a.m. and 27th morning at 11:35 a.m. After the earthquake,the rehabilitation committee was established. In this committee, Mr. S.A. Ghatge (Chief Commissioner Of Kutch) was the President. Also, Mr. Kundanla Dholakiya and Resident Of Anjar Mr. Kantiprasad Antani and Mr. Gaurishankar Joshi were included. Up to 31st Auguest – 1956, the distribution of Kariyanu, Milk, Vegetables,Kerosine, Ghee, Oil and necessary items were FREELY distributed. Prime Minister Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru visited at ANJAR and he was DEPREESSED to see casualities and damages.
In 1956, KUTCH is a “C” categorical Rajy! After the Earthquake in 1956, NEW ANJAR is born. In this development Shri Changan bapa’s role is very very important. Primarily, 209 homes with two rooms, 135 homes with one room and 235 homes were constructed by different Samaj i.e. Jain Samaj, Bhatiya Samaj. Also, there were the Major Earthquake in 16 – 6 – 1819 (at evening 6: 45 and Five seconds) at night, there were nominal tremors noted. But, next day moarning at 10:00 a.m. duration of 15 seconds major earthquake noted and as per General makmerdo’s note: 1543 peoples were dead, out of this 1140 casualities in Bhuj and 165 casualities in Anjar. After this earthquake, the famous and disasterous for KUTCH district, “ALLAH BANDH” was establish. And Sindhu River diverted to Pakistan.The area of Allahbandh is 16 miles! So, one can imagine, how the earthquakes are changing future of an area by any time!
Macmurdo first entered Kutch in the guise of Ramanandi Sadhu. He sat performing penance and chanting Ramanam in front of Madhavra’s Temple at Anjar. Here he became popularly known as Bhuriya Bawa.
In 1816 Macmurdo was sent on a policital mission to Kutch to dissuade its rulers from giving shelter to the pirates who infested North Western frontier of the Bombay Territories. In 1817 he was promoated to a Captaincy and was appointed resident to the court of the ruler of Kutch. When Col East took possession of Anjar Macmurdo was appointed as the first British polictial resident in Kutch. In Anjar residency he contructed a bungalow on the model of his house in Dumfries...
Macmurdo grew much found of Kutch. He got Kutchi kamagari wall paintings in indigenous style, done on four walls of his audience hall in Anjar. Respecting the local culture, the main theme of these frescoes represents Rama and Ramayan. He was a devoted admire of Ramayan.
Macmurdo’s deserted bungalow at Anjar is now uttlised as Deputy Collectors’s office, wherein wall paintings reflect the living life style of Macmurdo. People of Anjar still believe that the ghost of Macmurdo daily goes for the Darshan of Aarti at Madhavray’s temple.
Macmurdo was born on 30-11-1785 in Dumfrie shire Militia in Scotland After chequered carrer as a true patriot, he died at the young age of 35 in the service of his country on 28th April 1820 at Warnu a desolate place near Adesar in Wagad on the border of little Rann of Kutch.
Source : Kutch & Rama & Randh
Edited By :- Siddharth Bhatt